This paternoster has five faceted carnelian beads in graduated sizes (12-10mm)that are interspersed with five 7mm antique copper beads making it a Tenner. It hangs 15 1/2" from a chain loop that is attached to a 17mm pierced bead that could be used as a pomander.
The alternating large and small bead arrangement was inspired by an original in a museum in Huy, Belgium which dates to c. 1250-1300 AD. Both are perfect examples where the "Our Father" and "Hail Mary" were recited in an alternating sequence.
At the bottom is a large 16mm coin carnelian bead and a glass/metal container serving as relic vial to finish these prayer beads. Inside the container are the Latin words for "love" and "peace" (Amor and Pax) on a scrap of paper.
NOTE: Many relics in period were fake as it was a popular joke that there were no tress left in the holy land because every crusader came home with a piece of the cross. Among many of the extant pendants with wood inside is one belonging to Charlemagne that is in the Cathedral Treasury, Rheims.
Shipped in a velvet pouch.
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Carnelian History Notes: Rings were worn in Ancient Egypt to bring peace and harmony. It was believed to still anger, jealousy, envy and hatred. In the Renaissance it was worn as protection from lightning and storms.
TENNER - A chaplet with ten beads, called a Tenner or in German, "Gebetskette Zehner" (prayer chain with 10 beads), was very popular in the 15th and 16th century. They usually had a saint's metal, cross, pomander or tassel hanging from the bottom. Often an eleventh larger bead was added as well.
CREDO CROSS - The Apostle's Creed can be found in use as early as 6th century. By the end of the 12th century a decree was issued commanding the priests to urge the people to recite frequently the Lord’s Prayer, the Creed and the Salutations to the Virgin. The Creed was usually said on a cross form that was incorporated into the prayer beads and became known as the credo cross. If there was no cross, than another large bead served this purpose.
See more like this in our Rosaries and Paternosters Section!
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